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Friday, 22 July 2011

Stuart's Daily Word Spot: Epidemic, endemic or pandemic?

1918 flu epidemic: the Oakland Municipal Audit...Image via Wikipedia
Epidemic, endemic or pandemic?
An epidemic occurs when an outbreak of disease is widespread but confined to a limited place and time.
An endemic disease is one which recurs in a particular place or population.
A pandemic is an outbreak of a specific pathogen over a wide geographical area.

So, an epidemic might afflict a specific hospital, or even a town or region of a country.
Malaria is endemic in many African countries.
The notorious 1918 outbreak of Spanish Flu was a pandemic that caused multiple deaths in many regions of the world.

22 July 1991 – PM John Major launched The Citizen’s Charter. Is Cameron’s Big Society a development of this idea? 

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